Drobizheva Leokadiya Mikhaylovna, Doctor of historical sciences, professor, head of the Interethnic relations research center, Institute of Sociology of RAS (building 5, 24/35 Krzhizhanovskogo street, Moscow, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. The nature of interethnic relations in polyethnic countries is an improtant indicator of stable society. In this connection, researching interethnic relations development both in the Russian society and in individual polyethnic regions is of special urgency and topicality. The aim of the article is to analyze the favourable interethnic relations potential in polyethnic provinces of the Volga region.
Materials and methods. On the basis of the conducted sociological research in the framework of the Russian Humanitarian Scientific Foundation’s grant the article analyzes the problems of interethnic relations in the Volga region. The work consi¬ders preconditions of the established relations in the ethnic sphere, analyzes two possible projects of nation formation “Russia with privileges for Russians” and “Russia – our common home”. The main research methods were surveying in Penza and Ulyanovsk regions (selection: quota, gender, age) and a secondary analysis of the research of interethnic relations by the Institute of Sociology of RAS.
Results. The conducted research has shown that the absolute majority of Russians (88,3 %), as well as other nationalities (Tatars – 85,3 %, Mordvins – 89,6 %) believe that violence in interethnic and interreligious relations is unacceptable. But in case of injustice in relation to people and faith, the respondents concede violence (47,3 % of Russians, 33,3 % of Tatars and 54,1 % of Mordvins). The majority of Russians in the Volga region accept the state’s support of culture and religion of other peoples. At the same time, representatives of the said other peoples are ready to give certain preferences to Russians at the following ratio: Tatars – 35 %, Mordvins – 51 %.
Conclusions. Generally, in recent years the Russian society has counterbalanced two positions: those supporting the idea of Russia as common home for many peoples, and those supporting Russia with preferential rights for Russians. Mainte¬nance of interethnic concordance in multinational Russia, tackling interracial intolerance and xenophobia may be provided by formulation and promotion of “civil” understanding of patriotism in people’s consciousness, implying labor for the benefit of the Mother land, knowledge of country’s history, culture and traditions, mainte¬nance of friendly relations between people of different nationalities, struggle against country’s disadvantages.
polyethnic regions, interethnic relations, patriotism, ethnicity, interethnic tolerance and intolerance.
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